Arizona Revised Statutes

Title 28 - Transportation Laws: Excerpts related to Pedestrians w/Annotations

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Chapter 1/Article 1 Definitions

28-101. Definitions

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40. "Pedestrian" means any person afoot. A person who uses an electric personal assistive mobility device [ The EPAMD is otherwise known more colloquially as the Segway clause] or a manual or motorized wheelchair is considered a pedestrian unless the manual wheelchair qualifies as a bicycle. For the purposes of this paragraph, "motorized wheelchair" means a self-propelled wheelchair that is used by a person for mobility.


Chapter 3/Article 1 Article 1 Definitions and Powers of Governor

28-601. Definitions

3. "Crosswalk" means:
(a) That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the prolongations or connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway. [There are two types of crosswalks, marked and unmarked, but the RULES for peds and drivers are SAME for BOTH types]
(b) Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere that is distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

 

Chapter 3/Article 3 Traffic Signs, Signals and Markings

28-646. Pedestrian control signals; loitering prohibited

A. If special pedestrian control signals exhibiting the words "walk" or "don't walk" are in place, the signals shall indicate as follows:

1. Walk. Pedestrians facing the signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of vehicles.

2. Don't walk. A pedestrian shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the signal, but a pedestrian who has partially completed crossing on the walk signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the don't walk signal is showing.

B. A pedestrian shall not loiter or unduly delay crossing the roadway after traffic has stopped to give the right-of-way.


Chapter 3/Article 10 Pedestrian Rights and Duties

28-791. Pedestrians subject to traffic rules

A. Pedestrians are subject to traffic control signals at intersections...

B. A local authority may require by ordinance that pedestrians strictly comply with the directions of an official traffic control signal and may prohibit by ordinance pedestrians from crossing a roadway in a business district or crossing a designated highway except in a crosswalk. [In other words: there is some pass-through to local codes]

28-792. Right-of-way at crosswalk

A. Except as provided in section 28-793, subsection B, if traffic control signals are not in place or are not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be in order to yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is on the half of the roadway on which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. A pedestrian shall not suddenly leave any curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle that is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.

B. If a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of another vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.

28-793. Crossing at other than crosswalk

A. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.

B. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.

C. Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.

28-794. Drivers to exercise due care

Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter every driver of a vehicle shall:

1. Exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian on any roadway.
2. Give warning by sounding the horn when necessary.
3. Exercise proper precaution on observing a child or a confused or incapacitated person on a roadway.

28-795. Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalk

Pedestrians shall move expeditiously, when practicable, on the right half of crosswalks. [The "right half" business strikes me as strange. When crossing the first half of the roadway, being on the ped's right would seem to make sense, since that would be furthest from oncoming traffic...but once into the second half of the crossing, the ped would now be closest to oncoming traffic]

28-796. Pedestrian on roadways

A. If sidewalks are provided, a pedestrian shall not walk along and on an adjacent roadway.

B. If sidewalks are not provided, a pedestrian walking along and on a highway shall walk when practicable only on the left side of the roadway or its shoulder facing traffic that may approach from the opposite direction.

28-797. School crossings; definition

[This lengthy statute sets out the authority and rules for School Crossings. These are sort of "super crosswalks" where the speed limit is set to 15mph, cars are required to stop for children crossing, no passing is allowed, and so forth]

 


[Signals which do not change are inoperative]


Chapter 6. Uniform Act Regulating Traffic on Highways

Article 6 - Speed Restrictions

28-704. Minimum speed limits; requirement to turn off roadway

A. A person shall not drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.

B. If the director or local authorities within their respective jurisdictions determine on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that slow speeds on any part of a highway consistently impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, the director or local authority may determine and declare a minimum speed limit below which a person shall not drive a vehicle except when necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.

C. If a person is driving a vehicle at a speed less than the normal flow of traffic at the particular time and place on a two-lane highway where passing is unsafe, and if five or more vehicles are formed in a line behind the vehicle, the person shall turn the vehicle off the roadway at the nearest place designated as a turnout by signs erected by the director or a local authority, or wherever sufficient area for a safe turnout exists, in order to permit the vehicles following to proceed.

Article 7. Driving on the Right Side of the Roadway, Overtaking, and Passing

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Annotations updated 11/15/2004